A house with running water is not too much to ask
By Dr John Steytler
The articles that I have recently penned regarding poverty have all focused on facts, figures and statistics. Looking at the causes of poverty and trying to explain that there are many facets, or dimensions to poverty.
One thing I want to avoid with all my heart is to just talk about the problems and challenges of poverty without engaging on possible solutions. Pointing out flaws and issues is easy, being able to give tangible ideas and solutions to help fix issues and eradicate drivers of poverty is where the mammoth task lies. Hopefully as a nation we are ready to take on this major task and tackle poverty on every level and facet as a collective effort. We can help fulfil almost every Namibian’s dream of having their own proper house with modern sanitation.
LACK OF DECENT HOUSING
One of the major factors of poverty is lack of decent housing and sanitation. It acts as a driver to so many indicators of poverty. Abraham Maslow wrote about this in his 1943 paper, ‘A theory of Human Motivation’ about the Pyramid of Needs. The most basic of which for humans to survive are the basic physiological needs. These are fairly apparent especially if you look at your own life. They include the things that are vital to our survival. Some examples of physiological needs include:
This really is the bare minimum that we need to survive and not really what we can or should be aiming for as a nation. We need to be able to provide every person in Namibia with these needs and more.
This means that Namibians have housing; and it has to be something more than a roof or wall made of rudimentary or makeshift materials. Having a solid house with a roof gives us a level of security against the elements, self-respect and ability to fend for ourselves. The need for water is such that we cannot demand anything less than modern plumbing and sanitation.
The pandemic has shown us how vital good sanitation is. This means that it is not a pump or single tap or toilet shared with other households as the United Nations SDG 6 goal stipulates when talking about clean water and sanitation.
It seems obvious that housing and sanitation will lead to less poverty, but the impact that housing and sanitation have is immeasurable. They contribute to decreasing other levels and indicators of poverty. Having shelter, having electricity and sanitation mean that education improves and so does hygiene. Leading to less diseases and infections, Covid-19 has shown us and the world how essential the need for proper access to modern sanitation for everyone is. No part of the population is safe, if we are not all safe. Another very motivating factor for providing housing and sanitation is that it will positively impact Namibia. An educated populace that is free from disease and infections is a socio-economic catalyst for positive change.
ACCESS TO LAND
If we truly want to tackle poverty, not just one aspect of poverty, we need to work together. Not just assume the government will simply provide houses. We need to collectively work in Public Private Partnerships to see how we can most easily and swiftly overcome the housing and sanitation challenges that Namibia faces.
This means that access to land, ownership of housing and land as well as using local material and know-how to create housing and develop sanitation is essential. We need to rely on ourselves as a nation to be able to effectively combat the housing and sanitation challenges and dimensions of poverty that we face.
We need to declare housing a human right and we need to look at new ways of financing housing so that it is in reach of more people. Not just the happy few. We need to continue with the projects in the housing sector that have borne fruit and organisations like the National Housing Enterprise (NHE) need to continue to be stimulated. The positive change will be swift and very visible. Its impact will play a major part in eradicating major drivers of poverty.
* Written by Dr John Steytler in his personal capacity as an economist