Foot and Mouth outbreak in Zambezi region

THE Directorate of Veterinary Services under the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Land Reform has put out a notice of to inform farmers and the general public about the confirmed Foot and Mouth Disease outbreak at Kasenu Village in Kasika area of Zambezi region.
According to the ministry, in line with the Animal Health Act, Act 1 of 2011, the area within the radius of 30 km of Kasenu village has been declared as a controlled area. Crush pens within the controlled area are as follows Ivilivinzi, Kasika, Kabulabula, Sigwe, Nyange, Silubaba, Kazuka, Itomba, Ikota, Kalala, Nantungu, Impalila, Limai, Muzii, Nankuntwe, Luhonono, Namiyundu, Nakabolelwa, Nsundwa, Nangwena, Musekezi, Mutwalwizi 1, Mutwalwizi 2 and Nkoza.

Control measures to be applied:
Active surveillance and vaccination of cattle in and out of the control area and the rest of the region has commenced.
Movement restriction/ ban of all cloven-hoofed animals out and through (in-transit) the controlled area. All previously issued permits into and out of the controlled area are cancelled and recalled. Cloven-hoofed animals are animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and other wild animals and their products.
Movement restriction/ban of potentially infectious commodities out and through the controlled area such as hides, skins, game trophies, grass, plant materials.
A number of roadblocks and patrol teams are strategically placed around the controlled area and members of the public are urged to cooperate with the Veterinary and Police Officials fully.
Re-vaccination of all cattle in the controlled area with FMD vaccine has commenced and ALL farmers are strongly urged to bring their cattle for vaccination to the designated crush pens as per announcement made by DVS officials.

The following are allowed:
Movement of all cloven-hoofed animals in, within and through (in- transit) the rest of the Zambezi region (in exception of the controlled area).
Movement of other commodities such as hides, skins, game trophies, plant materials in, out, within and through the rest of the Zambezi region (in exception of the controlled area) provided that appropriate procedures have been followed .
Movement of products such as raw meat, raw milk and livestock feed are allowed into the Controlled area.
Movement of raw meat (including slaughtering at local markets), raw milk, etc in, within the Zambezi region (exception from the controlled area).

Transmission and spread of FMD virus
FMD is a viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. FMD virus is found in all excretions and secretions of infected animals such as milk, semen, urine and dung as well as meat. FMD is not readily transmissible to humans and is not a public health risk.

The FMD virus can spread through any of the following ways:
infected animals newly introduced into a herd
Contaminated vehicles;
Contaminated materials such as hay, feed, water, milk or biologics;
Contaminated clothing, footwear, or equipment;
Virus-infected meat or other contaminated animal products
Animals that have recently recovered from an FMD infection

FMD clinical signs include: Salivation, not grazing, limping, reluctance to move, fever, blisters and ulcers on the tongue, gum and on the feet/hooves.
Farmers and the General public are hereby once again requested to report to the relevant authorities any suspicious cases of FMD as well as movement of animals and their products from the controlled areas mentioned in this public notification.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Land Reform hereby request the Farmers and the General Public for their cooperation and support in order control and contain the FMD outbreak in Zambezi region within a short period.